Peritoneal Dialysis

Unit Title: Peritoneal Dialysis

Provisional Level: 2

Guided Learning Hours: 2

Purpose and Aim:

To equip care workers with the skills and knowledge of Peritoneal Dialysis, and follows the NICE guidelines for adults with a diagnosis of chronic kidney disease stage 5 who need or who are receiving renal replacement therapy.

Factors that influence the choice of dialysis, and includes:

  • Clinical and cost effectiveness of peritoneal dialysis in the community compared with:
  • Haemodialysis in the hospital (or other similar settings, such as satellite units)
  • Haemodialysis in the community.
  • Relative clinical and cost effectiveness of the different types of peritoneal dialysis:
  • Automated, including
  • AAPD (assisted automated peritoneal dialysis)
  • CAPD (continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis).

Learners explore the support needs of service users and carers when peritoneal dialysis is started and when the type of renal replacement therapy should be switched, either to or from peritoneal dialysis.

Techniques of peritoneal dialysis (the equipment, preparation for dialysis, ultra-filtration and fluid management, access and withdrawal)

  • Identification and management of complications arising from dialysis management of acute presentation of CKD.

The course also gives information on phases of PD, solution administration, documentation, fluid balance, catheter and exit site care, symptoms of peritonitis, and basic emergency procedures.

Assessment

This unit is assessed through written and oral questions and practical demonstration.